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VAT rates in the EU for all 27 member states

Those who sell many products have to deal with many VAT rates. The following table provides a basic overview of the general VAT rates in all EU countries.

Table

VAT rates in the EU

CountryCodeNameStandard RateReduced RateSuper-reduced RateParking Rate
BelgiumBETVA, BTW21%6% / 12%0.12%
BulgariaBGDDS20%9%
Czech RepublicCZDPH21%10% / 15%
DenmarkDKMOMS25%
GermanyDEUSt19%7%
EstoniaEEKMR20%9%
IrelandIEVAT23%9% / 13.5%4.8%13.5%
GreeceELFPA24%6% / 13%
SpainESIVA21%10%4%
FranceFRTVA20%5.5% / 10%2.1%
CroatiaHRPDV25%5% / 13%
ItalyITIVA22%5% / 10%4%
CyprusCYFPA19%5% / 9%
LatviaLVPVN21%5% / 12%
LithuaniaLTPVM21%5% / 9%
LuxembourgLUTVA17% (2023: 16%)8% (2023: 7%)3%14% (2023: 13%)
HungaryHUAFA27%5% / 18%
MaltaMTVAT18%5% / 7%
NetherlandsNLOB, BTW21%9%
AustriaATUSt20%10% / 13% / 5%13%
PolandPLVAT23%5% / 8%
PortugalPTIVA23%6% / 13%13%
RomaniaROTVA19%5% / 9%
SloveniaSIDPH22%5% / 9.5%
SlovakiaSKDPH20%10%
FinlandFIAVL, ML24%10% /14%
SwedenSEML25%6% / 12%


Source: European Commission website, without guarantee.

Exemptions with a refund of tax paid at preceding stages (zero rates) are not included above.

The challenge of VAT

Where merchants from third countries get the correct tax rates for all EU-27

The EU has 27 member states with different VAT rates and rules. Online merchants must always apply the correct rates to avoid losing customers or revenue.

20210722 Beitragsbild Steuersatze der EU

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