Image Leas VAT Rules Update August
EU VAT rates

VAT rates in the EU for all 27 member states

Those who sell many products have to deal with many VAT rates. The following table provides a basic overview of the general VAT rates in all EU countries.


VAT rates in the EU

CountryCodeNameStandard RateReduced RateSuper-reduced RateParking Rate
BelgiumBETVA, BTW21%6% / 12%0.12%
Czech RepublicCZDPH21%10% / 15%
IrelandIEVAT23%*9% / 13.5%4.8%13.5%
GreeceELFPA24%6% / 13%
FranceFRTVA20%5.5% / 10%2.1%
CroatiaHRPDV25%5% / 13%
ItalyITIVA22%5% / 10%4%
CyprusCYFPA19%5% / 9%
LatviaLVPVN21%5% / 12%
LithuaniaLTPVM21%5% / 9%
HungaryHUAFA27%5% / 18%
MaltaMTVAT18%5% / 7%
NetherlandsNLOB, BTW21%9%
AustriaATUSt20%10% / 13% / 5%**13%
PolandPLVAT23%5% / 8%
PortugalPTIVA23%6% / 13%13%
RomaniaROTVA19%5% / 9%
SloveniaSIDPH22%5% / 9.5%
FinlandFIAVL, ML24%10% /14%
SwedenSEML25%6% / 12%

Source: European Commission website, without guarantee.

Exemptions with a refund of tax paid at preceding stages (zero rates) are not included above.

* The standard rate of VAT in Ireland has been temporarily reduced from 23% to 21% from 09/09/2020 to 28/02/2021.

** Temporarily reduced rate of 5% in Austria from 01/07/2020 to 31/12/2021.

The challenge of VAT

Where merchants from third countries get the correct tax rates for all EU-27

The EU has 27 member states with different VAT rates and rules. Online merchants must always apply the correct rates to avoid losing customers or revenue.

Image Steuersätze der EU
eClear VATRules

Every standard rate, every reduction, every exemption

VATRules knows all the VAT rates you have to calculate in the EU-27 plus UK and assigns them to your product groups.

Is the sale of goods taxable or tax-free? Which tax rate is applicable? — Regular, reduced or super-reduced? Which exemptions and re-exemptions apply?

VATRules applies this tax content in your ERP or shop system. Article-specific, always up-to-date, and for all EU-27 (plus the UK).